Glossary


Algonquian
1. A family of North American Indian languages spoken or formerly spoken in an area from Labrador to the Carolinas between the Atlantic coast and the Rocky Mountains.
2. A member of a people traditionally speaking an Algonquian language.

Ammon Ra
Amun (also spelt Amon, Amoun, Amen, and rarely Imenand, and spelt in Greek as Ammon, and Hammon) was the name of a deity, in Egyptian mythology, who gradually rose to become one of the most important deities, before fading into obscurity. As god of air, he came to be associated with the breath of life.

Apache
A Native American people inhabiting the southwest United States and northern Mexico. Various Apache tribes offered strong resistance to encroachment on their territory in the latter half of the 19th century. Present-day Apache populations are located in Arizona, New Mexico, and Oklahoma.

Avatar
(1) The incarnation of a Hindu deity, especially Vishnu, in human or animal form: The Buddha is considered an avatar of the god Vishnu.
(2) An embodiment, as of a quality or concept; an archetype: the very avatar of cunning.
(3) A temporary manifestation or aspect of a continuing entity: occultism in its present avatar.

Chiricahua
A formerly nomadic Apache tribe inhabiting southern New Mexico, southeast Arizona, and northern Mexico, with present-day populations in Oklahoma and New Mexico.

Crystal Oscillator
A crystal oscillator (sometimes abbreviated to XTAL on schematic diagrams) is an electronic circuit that uses the mechanical resonance of a physical crystal (usually quartz) of piezoelectric material along with an amplifier and feedback to create an electrical signal with a very precise frequency. It is an especially accurate form of an electronic oscillator. This frequency is used to keep track of time (as in quartz wristwatches), to provide a stable clock signal for digital integrated circuits, and to stabilize frequencies for radio transmitters. Crystal oscillators are a common source of time and frequency signals. The crystal used therein is sometimes called a "timing crystal".

Cymatics
Cymatics is the study of wave phenomena. It is typically associated with the physical patterns produced through the interaction of sound waves in a medium.

Goethe
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, born Johann Wolfgang Goethe (28 August 1749–22 March 1832) was a German polymath: he was a painter, novelist, dramatist, poet, humanist, scientist, philosopher, and for ten years chief minister of state at Weimar.
Goethe was one of the paramount figures of German literature and the movement of German classicism in the late 18th and early 19th centuries; this movement coincides with Enlightenment, Sturm und Drang, Sensibility ("Empfindsamkeit"), and Romanticism, in all of which he participated to varying degrees. The author of Faust and Theory of Colours, he inspired Darwin with his independent discovery of the human premaxilla jaw bones and focus on evolutionary ideas. Goethe's influence spread across Europe, and for the next century his works were a primary source of inspiration in music, drama, poetry, and even philosophy. (For more see Wikipedia)

Great Mystery
(see Wakan Tanka)

Great Spirit
(see Wakan Tanka)

Haidas
The Haidas are one of three major Tribes that inhabit Southeast Alaska along with the Tsimpsians and the Tlingit. Like the Tsimpsians, the Haidas came from Canada, and many of them still inhabit the village of Hydaburg and its surrounding area.

Hathor
In Egyptian mythology, Hathor (Egyptian for house of Horus) was originally a personification of the Milky Way, which was seen as the milk that flowed from the udders of a heavenly cow. Hathor was an ancient goddess, worshipped as a cow-deity from at least 2700 BC, during the 2nd dynasty.

Hunkpapa
A Native American people constituting a subdivision of the Teton Sioux, formerly inhabiting an area from the western Dakotas to southeast Montana, with a present-day population along the border between North and South Dakota. The Hunkpapa figured prominently in the resistance to white encroachment on the northern Great Plains.

Iroquois
A Native American confederacy inhabiting New York State and originally composed of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca peoples, known as the Five Nations. After 1722 the confederacy was joined by the Tuscaroras to form the Six Nations. Also called Iroquois League.

Jenny, Hans
Hans Jenny (1904-1972) was physician and natural scientist who is considered the father of cymatics, the study of wave phenomena.
Jenny was born in Basel, Switzerland. After completing his doctorate, he taught science at the Rudolph Steiner School in Zürich for four years before beginning his medical practice.
In 1967, Jenny published the first volume of Cymatics: The Study of Wave Phenomena. The second volume came out in 1972, the year he died. This book was a written and photographic documentation of the effects of sound vibrations on fluids, powders and liquid paste. Photographs of Jenny's work are as remarkable as the patterns which emerged. He concluded, "This is not an unregulated chaos; it is a dynamic but ordered pattern."

Lakota
The Lakota (IPA: [la'k*ota]) (also Lakhota, Teton, Titonwon) are a Native American tribe. They form one of a group of seven tribes (the Great Sioux Nation) and speak Lakota, one of the three major dialects of the Sioux language.
The Lakota are the westernmost of the three Sioux groups, occupying lands in both North and South Dakota. The seven branches or "sub-tribes" of the Lakota are Brulé, Oglala, Sans Arcs, Hunkpapa, Miniconjou, Blackfoot and Two Kettles.

Lavater
Johann Kaspar Lavater (November 15, 1741 - January 2, 1801), was a poet and physiognomist. (For more see Wikipedia)

Mandala
Mandala means 'circle' in the Sanskrit language, and mandala art refers to symbols that are drawn, sketched or painted in a circular frame. Mandala art has been used throughout the world as a process of self-expression, in the service of personal growth and spiritual transformation. Tibetan Buddhism has employed mandala art for thousands of years to capture the images of the countless demons and gods which it believes both plague and uplift humanity. Navajo sand painters use them in their healing rites. Many native people use the Medicine Wheel, a mandala form, to connect to earth energies and the wisdom of nature.

Mathematical Formula (Sri Aurobindo)
Sri Aurobindo's 'mathematical formula' refers to his work entitled The Delight of Being in which he states: 'The universe is not merely a mathematical formula for working out the relation of certain mental abstractions called numbers and principles to arrive in the end at a zero or a void unit, neither is it merely a physical operation embodying certain equations of forces. It is the delight of a Self-lover, the play of a Child, the endless self-multiplication of a Poet intoxicated with the rapture of His own power of endless creation.'
(For more see HinduWebsite.com)

Medicine Man
"Medicine man" is an English term used to describe Native American spiritual figures; such individuals are often viewed by scholars concerned with these matters as being analogous to shamans. The term "medicine man" suffers from being a term applied to a central figure in Native American community life by people of a radically different culture, a culture whose members might easily conceive the Native American practices to be antithetical to their own deeply held religious beliefs.

Napier's Bones
Nearing the end of his life, John Napier, who is generally considered the inventor of logarithms, developed an ingenious arithmetic trick - not as remarkable as logs, but very useful all the same. His invention was a method for performing arithmetic operations by the manipulation of rods, called “bones” because they were often constituted from bones and printed with digits. Napier’s rods essentially rendered the complex processes of multiplication and division into the comparatively simple tasks of addition and subtraction.

Napier, John
John Napier or Neper, nicknamed Marvellous Merchiston (1550–April 4, 1617) was a Scottish mathematician, physicist,astronomer/astrologer and eighth Laird of Merchiston. He is most remembered as the inventor of logarithms and Napier's bones, and for popularizing the use of the decimal point. Napier's birth place, Merchiston Tower, Edinburgh, Scotland, is now part of Napier University. (For more see Wikipedia)

Oglala
Oglala Sioux is a Sioux Nation sub-band of the Western division (the Lakota). See also Sioux

Om Om also Aum
Aum (also Om) is the most sacred syllable in Hinduism, symbolizing the infinite Brahman and the entire Universe. The syllable is sometimes referred to as the "Udgitha" or "pranava mantra" (primordial mantra); not only because it is considered to be the primal sound, but also because most mantras begin with it. It first came to light in the Vedic Tradition. As a seed syllable (bija), it is also considered holy in Esoteric Buddhism.

Oscillation
Oscillation is the periodic variation, typically in time, of some measure as seen, for example, in a swinging pendulum. The term vibration is sometimes used more narrowly to mean a mechanical oscillation but sometimes is used to be synonymous with oscillation.

Piezoelectricity
Piezoelectricity is the ability of certain crystals to generate a voltage in response to applied mechanical stress. The word is derived from the Greek piezein, which means to squeeze or press. The piezoelectric effect is reversible in that piezoelectric crystals, when subjected to an externally applied voltage, can change shape by a small amount. The deformation, about 0.1% of the original dimension in PZT, is of the order of nanometers, but nevertheless finds useful applications such as the production and detection of sound, generation of high voltages, electronic frequency generation, microbalance, and ultrafine focusing of optical assemblies.

Rishi
In Hinduism, a Rishi is a sage and/or seer who "heard" the hymns of the Vedas from the Supreme Being Brahman while he was in deep meditation. A rishi can be regarded as a combination of a patriarch, a priest, a preceptor, an author of Vedic hymns, a sage, a saint, an ascetic, a prophet and a hermit into a single person.

Sachem
1. A chief of a Native American tribe or confederation, especially an Algonquian chief.
2. A member of the ruling council of the Iroquois confederacy.

Sagan, Carl
Dr. Carl Edward Sagan (November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer, astrobiologist, and highly successful science popularizer. He pioneered exobiology and promoted the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI). He is world-famous for writing popular science books and for co-writing and presenting the award-winning television series Cosmos, the most-watched PBS program of all time. A book to accompany the program was also published. He also wrote the novel Contact, upon which the 1997 film of the same name starring Jodie Foster was based. In his works, he frequently advocated skepticism, humanism, and the scientific method. (For more see Wikipedia)

Schopenhauer, Arthur
Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher. He is most famous for his work The World as Will and Representation. He is commonly known for having espoused a sort of philosophical pessimism that saw life as being essentially evil, futile, and full of suffering. However, upon closer inspection, in accordance with Eastern thought, especially that of Hinduism and Buddhism, he saw salvation, deliverance, or escape from suffering in aesthetic contemplation, sympathy for others, and ascetic living. His ideas profoundly influenced the fields of philosophy, psychology, music, and literature. (For more see Wikipedia)

Schweitzer, Albert
Dr. Albert Schweitzer, M.D., OM, (January 14, 1875 – September 4, 1965) was a German theologian, musician, philosopher, and physician. He was born in Kaysersberg, Alsace-Lorraine, Germany (now in Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France). He received the 1952 Nobel Peace Prize in 1953, for founding the Lambarene Hospital in Gabon, a nation of west central Africa. Schweitzer's worldview was based on his idea of reverence for life, which he believed to be his greatest single contribution to humankind. His view was that Western civilization was in decay because of gradually abandoning its ethical foundations - those of affirmation of life. (For more see Wikipedia)

Seneca
A Native American people formerly inhabiting western New York from Seneca Lake to Lake Erie, with present-day populations in this same area and in southeast Ontario. Seneca means great hill people. The Seneca are the westernmost member of the original Iroquois confederacy speaking the Iroquoian language.

Shaman
A member of certain tribal societies who acts as a medium between the visible world and an invisible spirit world and who practices magic or sorcery for purposes of healing, divination, and control over natural events.

Sioux
The Sioux (also: Lakota) are a Native American people. The term describes any of three divisions of seven tribes (the Seven Council Fires; also referred to as the Great Sioux Nation), speaking four distinct dialects of the Sioux language, including the Lakota (also known as Teton), Assiniboine, Santee, and Nakota/Yankton-Yanktonai. (For more see Wikipedia)

Spinoza, Baruch
Benedictus de Spinoza (November 24, 1632 – February 21, 1677), was named Baruch Spinoza by his synagogue elders and known as Bento de Espinosa or Bento d'Espiñoza in his native Amsterdam. He is considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy and, by virtue of his magnum opus the Ethics, one of the definitive ethicists. His writings, like those of his fellow rationalists, reveal considerable mathematical training and facility. Spinoza was a lens crafter by trade, an exciting engineering field at the time because of great discoveries being made by telescopes. The full impact of his work only took effect sometime after his death and after the publication of his Opera Posthuma. He is now seen as having prepared the way for the 18th century Enlightenment, and as a founder of modern biblical criticism. (For more see Wikipedia)

Sri Yantra
The most celebrated yantra in India is the Sri Yantra, a symbol of Great Cosmic Power Tripura Sundari and is said to be in resonance with the energies of beauty and love.

Suquamish
The Suquamish are descendents of peoples who lived in the Puget Sound area for thousands of years. They were expert basketmakers, fishers, and canoe builders. (For more see Suquamish Tribe)

The Mother
Mirra Alfassa, later Morisset and Richard (February 21, 1878 - November 17, 1973) but better known as The Mother, was the spiritual partner of Sri Aurobindo. She was born in Paris to Turkish and Egyptian parents and came to his ashram on March 29, 1914 visiting Pondicherry several times and finally settling there in 1920. After November 24, 1926, when Sri Aurobindo retired into seclusion, she supervised the organization of his ashram and institutes. She became the leader of the community after Sri Aurobindo's death in 1950. She died in 1973. (For more see Wikipedia)

Tonoscope
An instrument invented by Dr Hans Jenny enabling the human voice, through a microphone and amplifier, to directly vibrate various material placed on a metal plate. The vibrations would then create various geometrical patterns in the material.(See also Hans Jenny, Cymatics)

Tsimpsian
The Tsimpsians are Southeast Alaskan Indians. They originally came from British Columbia and migrated to Annette Island after the United States Congress gave it to them. About 1400 Tsimpsians inhabit Annette Island, most living in Metlakatla.

Wakan Tanka
In Lakota traditions, Wakan Tanka is the spirit of Inyan (Rock). It means "The Great Spirit" or "The Great Mystery", which resides in every thing, similar to many notions of God. Every creature and object has a wakan, such as wakan tanka kin, the wakan of the sun.
Alternative: Wakan, Wakanda (Omaha Tribe), Oki (Iroquois)

Uluru
Uluru, more commonly known as Ayers Rock, is a large sandstone rock formation in central Australia, in the Northern Territory. It is located in Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, 350 km southwest of Alice Springs. Uluru is sacred to the Aborigines and has many springs, waterholes, rock caves and ancient paintings.

Usen
Similar to many notions of God.

Vishnu
One of the principal Hindu deities, worshiped as the protector and preserver of worlds. Vishnu is often conceived as a member of the triad including also Brahma and Shiva.

Whitman, Walt
Walt Whitman (born Walter Whitman) (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist, journalist, and humanist born on Long Island, New York. His most famous works are the collections of poetry Leaves of Grass and Drum-Taps. (For more see Wikipedia)

Yantra
Yantra literally means "support" and "instrument". A yantra is a geometric design acting as a highly efficient tool for contemplation, concentration and meditation. It is considered to be a focal point, a window into the absolute; when the mind is concentrated on a single, simple object - in this case a yantra, the mental chatter ceases. (see also mandala)
 
 
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