Leonardo Da Vinci


Leonardo Da Vinci. Self Protrait c. 1512


Leonardo was born on April 15, 1452, in the small Tuscan town of Vinci, near Florence. He was the son of a wealthy Florentine notary and a peasant woman. In the mid-1460s the family settled in Florence, where Leonardo was given the best education that Florence, the intellectual and artistic center of Italy, could offer. He rapidly advanced socially and intellectually. He was handsome, persuasive in conversation, and a fine musician and improviser.
Leonardo da Vinci was one of the great masters of the High Renaissance, who was also celebrated as a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scientist. His profound love of knowledge and research was the keynote of both his artistic and scientific endeavors. His innovations in the field of painting influenced the course of Italian art for more than a century after his death, and his scientific studies—particularly in the fields of anatomy, optics, and hydraulics—anticipated many of the developments of modern science.


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Leonardo Da Vinci Quotes


Although nature commences with reason and ends in experience it is necessary for us to do the opposite, that is to commence with experience and from this to proceed to investigate the reason.

Anyone who conducts an argument by appealing to authority is not using his intelligence; he is just using his memory.

As a well-spent day brings happy sleep, so a life well spent brings happy death.

Common Sense is that which judges the things given to it by other senses.

Every now and then go away, have a little relaxation, for when you come back to your work your judgment will be surer. Go some distance away because then the work appears smaller and more of it can be taken in at a glance and a lack of harmony and proportion is more readily seen.

Experience does not err. Only your judgments err by expecting from her what is not in her power.

For once you have tasted flight you will walk the earth with your eyes turned skywards, for there you have been and there you will long to return.

He who loves practice without theory is like the sailor who boards ship without a rudder and compass and never knows where he may cast.

Human subtelty will never devise an invention more beautiful, more simple or more direct than does Nature, because in her inventions, nothing is lacking and nothing is superfluous.

I have been impressed with the urgency of doing. Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Being willing is not enough; we must do.

I have offended God and mankind because my work didn't reach the quality it should have.

I love those who can smile in trouble, who can gather strength from distress, and grow brave by reflection. 'Tis the business of little minds to shrink, but they whose heart is firm, and whose conscience approves their conduct, will pursue their principles unto death.

In rivers, the water that you touch is the last of what has passed and the first of that which comes; so with present time.

Iron rusts from disuse; water loses its purity from stagnation... even so does inaction sap the vigor of the mind.

It had long since come to my attention that people of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them. They went out and happened to things.

Just as courage imperils life, fear protects it.

Life is pretty simple: You do some stuff. Most fails. Some works. You do more of what works. If it works big, others quickly copy it. Then you do something else. The trick is the doing something else.

Life well spent is long.

Marriage is like putting your hand into a bag of snakes in the hope of pulling out an eel.

Men of lofty genius when they are doing the least work are most active.

Nothing strengthens authority so much as silence.

Our life is made by the death of others.

People react to fear, not love - they don't teach that in Sunday School, but it's true.

Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.

The art of procreation and the members employed therein are so repulsive, that if it were not for the beauty of the faces and the adornments of the actors and the pent-up impulse, nature would lose the human species.

The function of muscle is to pull and not to push, except in the case of the genitals and the tongue.

The human foot is a masterpiece of engineering and a work of art.

The noblest pleasure is the joy of understanding.

The poet ranks far below the painter in the representation of visible things, and far below the musician in that of invisible things.

There shall be wings! If the accomplishment be not for me, 'tis for some other.

Water is the driving force of all nature.

When once you have tasted flight, you will forever walk the earth with your eyes turned skyward, for there you have been, and there you will always long to return.

Where the spirit does not work with the hand, there is no art.

While I thought that I was learning how to live, I have been learning how to die.

Who sows virtue reaps honor.

Why does the eye see a thing more clearly in dreams than the imagination when awake?

You do ill if you praise, but worse if you censure, what you do not understand.

Quotes originally compiled by www.brainyquote.com


Leonardo Da Vinci Chronological Biography


15th April 1452 Leonardo da Vinci was born at Anchian near Vinci, Tuscany. He was the illegitimate son of Ser Piero di Antonio, a notary, and peasant woman Catarina.

1453 The fall of Constantinople ends the Eastern Empire.

1457 A tax return made by Leonardo's grandfather showed the child to be living with his father who was now married to Albierra di Giovanni Amadori.

1468 Leonardo's grandfather dies at the age of ninety-six.

1469 Starts work as an apprentice at the workshop of Verrocchio. Another tax return shows, that at the age of seventeen, Leonardo is still living with his father.

1470 Madonna with the Pomegranate.

1472 Admitted to the Company of Painters. An entry in the registry shows Leonardo to have been in debt for his fees and an 'offering' on St. Luke's day -- 18th October 1472. Assists with Verrocchio's Baptism of Christ. The Annunciation (Uffizi Gallery), Genevri de' Benci.

5th August 1473 This was the date written by Leonardo (now aged twenty-one) on a landscape drawing which survives today.

1475-1480 Benois Madonna. Madonna with the Carnation

8th April 1476 An anonymous charge was made against seventeen-year-old Jacopo Saltarelli for homosexuality. Leonardo is named as one of his lovers.

7th June 1476 A second accusation of homosexuality was made against Leonardo. The charge was dismissed.

1478 The Annunciation (Louvre).

29th December 1479 Bernardo di Bandini Baroncelli, who murdered Lorenzo the Magnificant's brother Giuliano in Florence's cathedral, was hanged and a drawing of this, together with notes on the murderer's clothes, is executed by Leonardo.

March 1480 Leonardo received a commission from the monastery of S. Donato a Scopeto for an Adoration of the Magi which was to be completed within thirty months. Litta Madonna, Madonna with the Cat.

1481 Offers his services in a letter to Ludovico Sforza, ruler of Milan.

1482 Moves to Milan to enter the service of Ludovico 'the Moor'who was looking for an engineer, an artist and a musician rolled into one. He left his Adoration of the Magi unfinished. Lady with the Ermine, Portrait of a Musician, St. Jerome.

1483 Begins work on The Virgin of the Rocks, now in the Louvre. Raphael was born at Urbino.

1484-1489 In addition to completing various commissions, Leonardo broadens the scope of his work on architecture (plans for a stables and a domed church), military engineering, flying machines and war machines.

1487 Starts his work on anatomy.

1490 Works on stage design for the pageant Il Paradiso by Bernardo Ballincioni.

1492 Leonardo visits Rome. Columbus's first visit to the New World.

1493 Completes clay model of The Great Horse for Ludvovico Sforza, Duke of Milan.

1495-1497 The Last Supper, La Belle Ferronniere, Portrait of a Young Woman, Sala delle Asse.

1499 The French invade Italy. Leonardo flees from Milan.

1500 Travels to Venice and Florence.

1501 Madonna of the Yarnwinder.

1502 Employed as military engineer to Cesare Borgia.

1503 The Battle of Anghiari commissioned. Mona Lisa begun.

1504 Leda and the Swan.

1505 Studies bird flight and geometry.

1506 Goes to Milan at invitation of the French King Louis XII. Virgin of the Rocks, National Gallery, London

1507 Returns to Florence for a visit. Possibly starts work on Virgin and Child with St. Anne.

1508 Goes back to Milan for anatomical and other research.

1509 Leonardo draws maps and geological surveys of Lombardy and Lake Isea. Starts St. John the Baptist.

1512 The French are defeated and driven from Milan. Michelangelo completes Sistine ceiling.

1513 Leonardo leaves Milan and works for Giuliano de' Medici in Rome. Finishes Salvator Mundi.

1515 The French recapture Milan.

1516 Moves to France, to work for Francois I. He is still able to draw although his right hand is partially paralysed due to a stroke.

23rd April 1519 Draws up his last will and testament.

2nd May 1519 Leonardo dies at the Castle of Cloux near Amboise, France and is buried in the Church of St Florentine, but his remains are scattered during the Wars of Religion.

Original chronology compiled by http://www.lairweb.org.nz/leonardo/chron.html

(For more information see Wikipedia)

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